The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island country situated off the northern edge of the South American mainland and shares maritime boundaries with other nations including Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.
The first general election took place under a partial franchise but only half of the seats were put up for election, the other half being nominated by the governor or reserved for senior civil servants. In 1956 a new political party was formed, the People’s National Movement and was led by Dr. Eric Williams. The PNM won 13 of 24 seats in the 1956 elections, becoming the first Party government in Trinidad and Tobago.
The Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 (c. 54) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that granted independence to Trinidad and Tobago with effect from 31 August 1962. Trinidad and Tobago gained its independence from Great Britain on August 31st, 1962 at midnight on 30th August Trinidad and Tobago flag was raised for the first time.The national flag and Coat of Arms was designed by the Independence Committee. The committee members included noted artist Carlyle Chang and Carnival Designer George Bailey. Patrick S. Castagne composed the words and music of the National Anthem in 1962.